Cheiloscopy: An Aid in Gender Identification

Dipshikha Bajracharya, Apeksha Mainali, A Vaidya, S Thapa, S Pandey


BackgroundForensic odontology plays pivotal role in identification of human remains. Cheiloscopy, the study of lip prints, acts as a valuable tool in the identification of an individual as well in gender differentiation.
Aims and objectivesThe aim of this study is to establish the use of lip pattern in gender determination in forensic science.
Materials and Method: The study included 180 subjects, comprising 90 male and 90 female. Lip print pattern was determined by using classification proposed by Suzuki and Tsuchihashi. Kappa test was applied to check for the intra observer variation. The association of gender with the lip print pattern was tested using Chi-square test.
ResultsThe study showed that Type 1 was found to be most common lip pattern followed by Type 2 whereas Type 5 was the least common. In males Type 2 was the most common pattern found while Type 1 was common in females. There was statistically significant difference in the lip print patterns between gender groups.
ConclusionThe study showed difference in the lip print pattern among the gender groups which can be further used effectively in identification of crime suspects in forensic investigations.


Cheiloscopy, gender, identification

Download PDF Version

Latest Issue

The Journal is published every six months.