Pattern of dental caries and treatment needs in deciduous dentition of children visiting Kantipur Dental College

Parajeeta Dikshit, Senchhema Limbu


BackgroundDental caries is a significant oral health problem in children which compromises the overall well being of the child. The pattern of caries distribution in the deciduous teeth is not symmetrical with some teeth being more prone to decay as compared to the others.
Aims and objectiveThis study was conducted with the aim to identify the pattern of distribution as well as the treatment needs of children, aged 2 to 7 years, with untreated dental caries.
Material and methods321 children aged between 2 to 7 years visiting the pediatric dental department for routine dental visit were evaluated in the present study. Only children with untreated dental caries and intact deciduous dentition were included.
ResultThe study showed that the lower posterior (mean: 2.24), upper posterior (mean: 1.95) and upper anterior (mean: 1.67) region were more prone to caries as compared to lower anterior (mean: 0.21) where least amount of caries were seen. In addition it was noted that restoration (75.49 %) was the major treatment need in the children.
ConclusionThe caries pattern in children between 2 to 7 years shows the nursing caries type of pattern with mandibular anterior showing least amount of caries. Most of the children who visit the hospital require less invasive treatment like restoration as compared to extraction and pulp therapy.


Dental caries, dental caries pattern, deciduous dentition, treatment needs

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